Forecasting critical transitions using data-driven nonstationary dynamical modeling
Physical Review E
American Physical Society
An approach to predicting critical transitions from time series is introduced. A nonstationary low-order stochastic dynamical model of appropriate complexity to capture the transition mechanism under consideration is estimated from data. In the simplest case, the model is a one-dimensional effective Langevin equation, but also higher-dimensional dynamical reconstructions based on time-delay embedding and local modeling are considered. Integrations with the nonstationary models are performed beyond the learning data window to predict the nature and timing of critical transitions. The technique is generic, not requiring detailed a priori knowledge about the underlying dynamics of the system. The method is demonstrated to successfully predict a fold and a Hopf bifurcation well beyond the learning data window.
This is the final version of the article. Available from American Physical Society via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 92, article 062928