Stratospheric memory: Effects on the troposphere
14TH CONFERENCE ON ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC FLUID DYNAMICS
American Meteorological Society
© 2003, AMS
Reason for embargo
Under indefinite embargo - no publisher permission. The final version is available from the American Meteorological Society via the link in this record.
We use an empirical statistical model to demonstrate significant skill in extended-range forecasts of the monthly-mean Arctic Oscillation (AO). Forecast skill derives from long-lived circulation anomalies in the lowermost stratosphere and is greatest during boreal winter. A comparison to the Southern Hemisphere provides evidence that both the timescale and predictability of the AO depend on the presence of long-lived circulation anomalies just above the tropopause. These circulation anomalies most likely affect the troposphere through changes to waves in the upper troposphere, which induce surface pressure changes corresponding to the AO.
We thank T.G. Shepherd, P.H. Haynes, and D.A. Orland for discussions. The NCEP reanalysis data were obtained from the NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center.
14th Conference on Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics, 2003-06-09, 2003-06-13, SAN ANTONIO, TX, pp. 215 - 220