Effect of sink layer thickness on damping in CoMnGe (5 nm) / Ag (6 nm) / NiFe (x nm) spin valves
Valkass, Robert Alexander James
Shelford, Leigh R
Durrant, Chris J
Baker, Alex A
Childress, Jeffrey R
Katine, Jordan A
van der Laan, Gerrit
Hicken, Robert J
University of Exeter
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Reason for embargo
Embargoed until the day of the conference.
In spin valve structures the damping of a ferromagnetic layer driven at resonance can be modified by the transfer of spin angular momentum into a ‘sink’ ferromagnetic layer. This effect, known as spin pumping, is interface dominated and expected to increase with increasing sink layer thickness up to a saturation absorption depth, previously reported to be 1.2 nm regardless of the sink layer’s composition . Using vector network analyser ferromagnetic resonance (VNA-FMR), we have studied the variation in damping as a function of sink layer thickness in a series of CoMnGe (5 nm) / Ag (6 nm) / NiFe (x nm) spin valves. These measurements show only small variations in the CoMnGe Gilbert damping parameter for x ≤ 1.8 nm, although damping is observed to increase at x = 0.3 and 0.6 nm. Element-resolved x-ray detected ferromagnetic resonance (XFMR)  measurements confirm spin transfer torque due to spin pumping as the origin of the damping for x = 1.5 and 1.8 nm, with both thicknesses having the same effective spin mixing conductance, supporting the findings of Ghosh et al . For thicker sink layers the source and sink FMR fields are seen to coincide, hampering the identification of spin pumping.  A Ghosh, et al. Physical Review Letters 109, 127202 (2012)  M Marcham, et al. Physical Review B 87, 180403 (2013)
We thank the Advanced Light Source for access to beamlines 4.0.2 and 6.3.1 (ALS-06433, ALS-07116). The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
We thank Diamond Light Source for access to beamlines I06 and I10 (SI8782, SI11585, SI13063) that contributed to the results presented here.
This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council [grant number EP/J018767/1].
Poster presented at Magnetism 4 – 5 April 2016, Sheffield.
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