Nested sampling for parameter inference in systems biology: application to an exemplar circadian model.
BMC Systems Biology
This is the final version of the article. Available from BioMed Central via the DOI in this record.
BACKGROUND: Model selection and parameter inference are complex problems that have yet to be fully addressed in systems biology. In contrast with parameter optimisation, parameter inference computes both the parameter means and their standard deviations (or full posterior distributions), thus yielding important information on the extent to which the data and the model topology constrain the inferred parameter values. RESULTS: We report on the application of nested sampling, a statistical approach to computing the Bayesian evidence Z, to the inference of parameters, and the estimation of log Z in an established model of circadian rhythms. A ten-fold difference in the coefficient of variation between degradation and transcription parameters is demonstrated. We further show that the uncertainty remaining in the parameter values is reduced by the analysis of increasing numbers of circadian cycles of data, up to 4 cycles, but is unaffected by sampling the data more frequently. Novel algorithms for calculating the likelihood of a model, and a characterisation of the performance of the nested sampling algorithm are also reported. The methods we develop considerably improve the computational efficiency of the likelihood calculation, and of the exploratory step within nested sampling. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated in an exemplar circadian model that the estimates of posterior parameter densities (as summarised by parameter means and standard deviations) are influenced predominately by the length of the time series, becoming more narrowly constrained as the number of circadian cycles considered increases. We have also shown the utility of the coefficient of variation for discriminating between highly-constrained and less-well constrained parameters.
This work was funded by BBSRC grant BB/I023461/1 (Bayesian evidence analysis tools for systems biology; S.A. and O.E.A.). Preliminary studies by S.A. were supported by Wellcome Trust VIP awards.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BMC Systems Biology, 2013, 7:72
Place of publication