Continuation-based numerical detection of after-depolarization and spike-adding thresholds.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press)
This is the final version of the article. Available from Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press) via the DOI in this record.
The changes in neuronal firing pattern are signatures of brain function, and it is of interest to understand how such changes evolve as a function of neuronal biophysical properties. We address this important problem by the analysis and numerical investigation of a class of mechanistic mathematical models. We focus on a hippocampal pyramidal neuron model and study the occurrence of bursting related to the after-depolarization (ADP) that follows a brief current injection. This type of burst is a transient phenomenon that is not amenable to the classical bifurcation analysis done, for example, for periodic bursting oscillators. In this letter, we show how to formulate such transient behavior as a two-point boundary value problem (2PBVP), which can be solved using well-known continuation methods. The 2PBVP is formulated such that the transient response is represented by a finite orbit segment for which onsets of ADP and additional spikes in a burst can be detected as bifurcations during a one-parameter continuation. This in turn provides us with a direct method to approximate the boundaries of regions in a two-parameter plane where certain model behavior of interest occurs. More precisely, we use two-parameter continuation of the detected onset points to identify the boundaries between regions with and without ADP and bursts with different numbers of spikes. Our 2PBVP formulation is a novel approach to parameter sensitivity analysis that can be applied to a wide range of problems.
The research for this letter was done while J.N. was a Ph.D. student at the University of Bristol, supported by grant EP/E032249/1 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The research of K.T-A. was supported by EPSRC grant EP/I018638/1 and that of H.M.O. by grant UOA0718 of the Royal Society of NZ Marsden Fund
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 877-900
Place of publication