Direct spectrum of the benchmark t dwarf HD 19467 B
Astrophysical Journal Letters
American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing
HD 19467 B is presently the only directly imaged T dwarf companion known to induce a measurable Doppler acceleration around a solar-type star. We present spectroscopy measurements of this important benchmark object taken with the Project 1640 integral field unit at Palomar Observatory. Our high-contrast R ≈ 30 observations obtained simultaneously across the JH bands confirm the cold nature of the companion as reported from the discovery article and determine its spectral type for the first time. Fitting the measured spectral energy distribution to SpeX/IRTF T dwarf standards and synthetic spectra from BT-Settl atmospheric models, we find that HD 19467 B is a T5.5 ± 1 dwarf with effective temperature Teff = 978+20 -43 K. Our observations reveal significant methane absorption affirming its substellar nature. HD 19467 B shows promise to become the first T dwarf that simultaneously reveals its mass, age, and metallicity independent from the spectrum of light that it emits.
The TrenDS high-contrast imaging program is supported by NASA Origins of Solar Systems grant NNX13AB03G and the NASA Early Career Fellowship program. A portion of this work was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers AST-0215793, 0334916, 0520822, 0804417 and 1245018. This work was partially supported by NASA ADAP grant 11-ADAP11-0169 and NSF award AST 1211568. A portion of the research in this Letter was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. J.A. is supported by the National Physical Science Consortium. This research has benefitted from the SpeX Prism Spectral Libraries, maintained by Adam Burgasser.13
This is the final version of the article. Available from the American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 798 (2), article L43