Transmutation of singularities and zeros in graded index optical instruments: a methodology for designing practical devices.
Optical Society of America
This is the final version of the article. Available from the Optical Society of America via the DOI in this record.
We describe a design methodology for modifying the refractive index profile of graded-index optical instruments that incorporate singularities or zeros in their refractive index. The process maintains the device performance whilst resulting in graded profiles that are all-dielectric, do not require materials with unrealistic values, and that are impedance matched to the bounding medium. This is achieved by transmuting the singularities (or zeros) using the formalism of transformation optics, but with an additional boundary condition requiring the gradient of the co-ordinate transformation be continuous. This additional boundary condition ensures that the device is impedance matched to the bounding medium when the spatially varying permittivity and permeability profiles are scaled to realizable values. We demonstrate the method in some detail for an Eaton lens, before describing the profiles for an "invisible disc" and "multipole" lenses.
This work was supported by the EPSRC (UK) through the QUEST project (ref: EP/1034548/1).
Optics Express, Vol. 21 (26), pp. 32313 - 32326
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