A ground-based optical transmission spectrum of WASP-6b
American Astronomical Society
This is the final version of the article. Available from American Astronomical Society via the DOI in this record.
We present a ground-based optical transmission spectrum of the inflated sub-Jupiter-mass planet WASP-6b. The spectrum was measured in 20 spectral channels from 480 nm to 860 nm using a series of 91 spectra over a complete transit event. The observations were carried out using multi-object differential spectrophotometry with the Inamori-Magellan Areal Camera and Spectrograph on the Baade Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. We model systematic effects on the observed light curves using principal component analysis on the comparison stars and allow for the presence of short and long memory correlation structure in our Monte Carlo Markov Chain analysis of the transit light curves for WASP-6. The measured transmission spectrum presents a general trend of decreasing apparent planetary size with wavelength and lacks evidence for broad spectral features of Na and K predicted by clear atmosphere models. The spectrum is consistent with that expected for scattering that is more efficient in the blue, as could be caused by hazes or condensates in the atmosphere of WASP-6b. WASP-6b therefore appears to be yet another massive exoplanet with evidence for a mostly featureless transmission spectrum, underscoring the importance that hazes and condensates can have in determining the transmission spectra of exoplanets. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
A.J. acknowledges support from FONDECYT project 1130857, BASAL CATA PFB-06, and the Millennium Science Initiative, Chilean Ministry of Economy (Nucleus P10-022-F). A.J., S.E., and N.E. acknowledge support from the Vicerrectoría de Investigación (VRI), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (proyecto investigación interdisciplinaria 25/2011). N.E. is supported by CONICYT-PCHA/Doctorado Nacional, and M.R. is supported by FONDECYT postdoctoral fellowship 3120097. D.K.S. acknowledges support from STFC consolidated grant ST/J0016/1. J.-M.D. acknowledges funding from NASA through the Sagan Exoplanet Fellowship program administered by the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (NExScI). A.H.M.J.T. is a Swiss National Science Foundation fellow under grant number PBGEP2-145594.
Vol. 778, No. 2