Classification of peacock feather reflectance using principal component analysis similarity factors from multispectral imaging data
Optical Society of America
Iridescent structural colors in biology exhibit sophisticated spatially-varying reflectance properties that depend on both the illumination and viewing angles. The classification of such spectral and spatial information in iridescent structurally colored surfaces is important to elucidate the functional role of irregularity and to improve understanding of color pattern formation at different length scales. In this study, we propose a non-invasive method for the spectral classification of spatial reflectance patterns at the micron scale based on the multispectral imaging technique and the principal component analysis similarity factor (PCASF). We demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach and its component methods by detailing its use in the study of the angle-dependent reflectance properties of Pavo cristatus (the common peacock) feathers, a species of peafowl very well known to exhibit bright and saturated iridescent colors. We show that multispectral reflectance imaging and PCASF approaches can be used as effective tools for spectral recognition of iridescent patterns in the visible spectrum and provide meaningful information for spectral classification of the irregularity of the microstructure in iridescent plumage.
This research was developed during a visiting research stay of Dr. José M. Medina in the Departamento de Óptica, Universidad de Granada, Spain. We thank to José Medina and Rosalía Ruiz who provided the peacock samples, to David Porcel and Juan de Dios Bueno from the Servicio de Microscopía, (Centro de Instrumentación Científica, Universidad de Granada) for technical assessment, and to the Color Imaging Group (Universidad de Granada) for their hardware partial support. JMM and JAD acknowledge the Departmento de Óptica, Universidad de Granada, Spain. PV acknowledges USAF funding (FA9550-10-1-0020).
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 23, pp. 10198 - 10212
Place of publication