Influence of Individual and National Level Factors on Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence
SAGE Publications (UK and US)
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from SAGE Publications via the DOI in this record.
The study evaluated if individual and national level factors influence IPV attitudes. Using Demographic and Health Surveys’ data, multi-level modeling was used to analyze 506,935 females nested in 41 nations. The results indicated respondents in nations with higher levels of gender inequality, measured by the Social Institutions and Gender Index, were more likely to agree a husband is justified to abuse his wife when she argues with him. National level attitudes toward IPV and decision-making at the individual level were significant predictors of IPV attitudes. The presence of another female while the survey was administered and differences across nations in question wording significantly affected IPV attitudes. The results confirm both individual and national level factors shape individual IPV attitudes. National policies and programming should address gender inequality and patriarchal attitudes.
Published online before print August 2, 2016