Mathematical modeling of gonadotropin-releasing hormone signaling.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) acts via G-protein coupled receptors on pituitary gonadotropes to control of reproduction. These are Gq-coupled receptors that mediate acute effects of GnRH on the exocytotic secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), as well as the chronic regulation of their synthesis. GnRH is secreted in short pulses and GnRH effects on its target cells are dependent upon the dynamics of these pulses. Here we overview GnRH receptors and their signaling network, placing emphasis on pulsatile signaling, and how mechanistic mathematical models and an information theoretic approach have helped further this field.
This work was funded Project Grants from MRC (93447) and the BBSRC (J014699). KTA and MV gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the EPSRC via grant EP/N014391/1 and an MRC Biomedical Informatics Fellowship (MR/K021826/1), respectively.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.