Eroding dipoles and vorticity growth for Euler flows in R 3 : Axisymmetric flow without swirl
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Cambridge University Press via the DOI in this record.
Reason for embargo
A review of analyses based upon anti-parallel vortex structures suggests that structurally stable dipoles with eroding circulation may offer a path to the study of vorticity growth in solutions of Euler’s equations in R3 . We examine here the possible formation of such a structure in axisymmetric flow without swirl, leading to maximal growth of vorticity as t 4/3 . Our study suggests that the optimizing flow giving the t 4/3 growth mimics an exact solution of Euler’s equations representing an eroding toroidal vortex dipole which locally conserves kinetic energy. The dipole cross-section is a perturbation of the classical Sadovskii dipole having piecewise constant vorticity, which breaks the symmetry of closed streamlines. The structure of this perturbed Sadovskii dipole is analyzed asymptotically at large times, and its predicted properties are verified numerically. We also show numerically that if mirror symmetry of the dipole is not imposed but axial symmetry maintained, an instability leads to breakup into smaller vortical structures.
Vol. 805, October 2016, pp. 1-30