Anomalous electromagnetic coupling via entanglement at the nanoscale
New Journal of Physics
IOP Publishing for Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
Open access. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Understanding unwanted mutual interactions between devices at the nanoscale is crucial for the study of the electromagnetic compatibility in nanoelectronic and nanophotonic systems. Anomalous electromagnetic coupling (crosstalk) between nanodevices may arise from the combination of electromagnetic interaction and quantum entanglement. In this paper we study in detail the crosstalk between two identical nanodevices, each consisting of a quantum emitter (atom, quantum dot, etc), capacitively coupled to a pair of nanoelectrodes. Using the generalized susceptibility concept, the overall system is modeled as a two-port within the framework of the electrical circuit theory and it is characterized by the admittance matrix. We show that the entanglement changes dramatically the physical picture of the electromagnetic crosstalk. In particular, the excitation produced in one of the ports may be redistributed in equal parts between both the ports, in spite of the rather small electromagnetic interactions. Such an anomalous crosstalk is expected to appear at optical frequencies in lateral GaAs double quantum dots. A possible experimental set up is also discussed. The classical concepts of interference in the operation of electronic devices, which have been known since the early days of radio-communications and are associated with electromagnetic compatibility, should then be reconsidered at the nanoscale.
This research was supported in part by the EU Horizon 2020 project H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014-644076 CoExAN and EU FP7 projects, FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES-316432 QOCaN and FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES-612285 CANTOR. Discussions of the basic ideas underlying this work with Dr S Starobinets and Dr D Mogilevtsev are acknowledged.
This is the final version of the article. Available from IoP Publishing via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 19, article 023014