Detecting temporal and spatial effects of epithelial cancers with Raman spectroscopy.
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Epithelial cancers, including those of the skin and cervix, are the most common type of cancers in humans. Many recent studies have attempted to use Raman spectroscopy to diagnose these cancers. In this paper, Raman spectral markers related to the temporal and spatial effects of cervical and skin cancers are examined through four separate but related studies. Results from a clinical cervix study show that previous disease has a significant effect on the Raman signatures of the cervix, which allow for near 100% classification for discriminating previous disease versus a true normal. A Raman microspectroscopy study showed that Raman can detect changes due to adjacent regions of dysplasia or HPV that cannot be detected histologically, while a clinical skin study showed that Raman spectra may be detecting malignancy associated changes in tissues surrounding nonmelanoma skin cancers. Finally, results of an organotypic raft culture study provided support for both the skin and the in vitro cervix results. These studies add to the growing body of evidence that optical spectroscopy, in this case Raman spectral markers, can be used to detect subtle temporal and spatial effects in tissue near cancerous sites that go otherwise undetected by conventional histology.
The authors acknowledge the financial support of the NCI/NIH (R01-CA95405 and R21-CA95995), as well as the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (pre-doctoral fellowship for MK). We would also like to thank the doctors and staff at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Tri-state Women’s Health for all their assistance.
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This is the final version of the article. Available from Hindawi Publishing Corporation via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 25, Iss. 6, pp. 323 - 337
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