Band gaps in jagged and straight graphene nanoribbons tunable by an external electric field.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Copyright © 2015 IOP Publishing
Band gap control by an external field is useful in various optical, infrared and THz applications. However, widely tunable band gaps are still not practical due to a variety of reasons. Using the orthogonal tight-binding method for π-electrons, we have investigated the effect of the external electric field on a subclass of monolayer chevron-type graphene nanoribbons that can be referred to as jagged graphene nanoribbons. A classification of these ribbons was proposed and band gaps for applied fields up to the SiO2 breakdown strength (1 V nm(-1)) were calculated. According to the tight-binding model, band gap opening (or closing) takes place for some types of jagged graphene nanoribbons in the external electric field that lies on the plane of the structure and perpendicular to its longitudinal axis. Tunability of the band gap up to 0.6 eV is attainable for narrow ribbons. In the case of jagged ribbons with armchair edges larger jags forming a chevron pattern of the ribbon enhance the controllability of the band gap. For jagged ribbons with zigzag and armchair edges regions of linear and quadratic dependence of the band gap on the external electric field can be found that are useful in devices with controllable modulation of the band gap.
Thisworkwas supported by EU FP7 ITNNOTEDEV (through Grant No. FP7-607521); IRSES projects CACOMEL (Grant No. FP7-247007), FAEMCAR (Grant No. FP7-318617) and CANTOR (Grant No. FP7-612285); Graphene Flagship (Grant No. 604391) and the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus (Grant No. 20140773). The authors are very grateful to Prof P Lambin and Prof M Portnoi for their useful advice and Charles Downing for his careful reading of the manuscript.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from IOP Publishing via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 27 (14), article 145305
Place of publication