The X-ray source population of the globular cluster M15: Chandra high-resolution imaging
van Zyl, L
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Oxford University Press (OUP) / Royal Astronomical Society
The globular cluster M15 was observed on three occasions with the High Resolution Camera on-board Chandra in 2001 in order to investigate the X-ray source population in the cluster centre. After subtraction of the two bright central sources, four faint sources were identified within 50 arcsec of the core. One of these sources is probably the planetary nebula K648, making this the first positive detection of X-rays from a planetary nebula inside a globular cluster. Another two are identified with UV variables (one previously known), which we suggest are cataclysmic variables (CVs). The nature of the fourth source is more difficult to ascertain, and we discuss whether it is possibly a quiescent soft X-ray transient or also a CV.
DCH is grateful to the Academy of Finland and to PPARC for financial support. MBD gratefully acknowledges the support of a Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (KVA) Research Fellowship. The authors thank Craig Heinke, Bruce Balick and Joel Kastner for valuable comments. The authors also wish to thank Jonathan C. McDowell for useful suggestions, Miriam Krauss at the Chandra HelpDesk, and the anonymous referee for useful comments. DCH is grateful to Panu Muhli for useful comments. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System, SAOImage DS9, developed by Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and of the SIMBAD database operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. Part of this work was based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from the publisher via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 357, pp. 325 - 332