Dust-trapping vortices and a potentially planet-triggered spiral wake in the pre-transitional disk of V1247 Orionis (article)
Kraus, S; Kreplin, A; Fukagawa, M; et al.Muto, T; Sitko, M; Young, AK; Bate, M; Grady, C; Harries, T; Monnier, J; Willson, M; Wisniewski, J
Date: 11 October 2017
Astrophysical Journal Letters
American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing
The radial drift problem constitutes one of the most fundamental problems in planet formation theory, as it predicts particles to drift into the star before they are able to grow to planetesimal size. Dust-trapping vortices have been proposed as a possible solution to this problem, as they might be able to trap particles over millions ...
The radial drift problem constitutes one of the most fundamental problems in planet formation theory, as it predicts particles to drift into the star before they are able to grow to planetesimal size. Dust-trapping vortices have been proposed as a possible solution to this problem, as they might be able to trap particles over millions of years, allowing them to grow beyond the radial drift barrier. Here, we present ALMA 0.04′′-resolution imaging of the pre-transitional disk of V1247 Orionis that reveals an asymmetric ring as well as a sharply-confined crescent structure, resembling morphologies seen in theoretical models of vortex formation. The asymmetric ring (at 0.17′′=54 au separation from the star) and the crescent (at 0.38′′=120 au) seem smoothly connected through a one-armed spiral arm structure that has been found previously in scattered light. We propose a physical scenario with a planet orbiting at ∼ 0.3′′≈100 au, where the onearmed spiral arm detected in polarised light traces the accretion stream feeding the protoplanet. The dynamical influence of the planet clears the gap between the ring and the crescent and triggers two vortices that trap mm-sized particles, namely the crescent and the bright asymmetry seen in the ring. We conducted dedicated hydrodynamics simulations of a disk with an embedded planet, which results in similar spiral-arm morphologies as seen in our scattered light images. At the position of the spiral wake and the crescent we also observe 12CO (3-2) and H12CO+ (4-3) excess line emission, likely tracing the increased scale-height in these disk regions.
Physics and Astronomy
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences
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