Dust-trapping vortices and a potentially planet-triggered spiral wake in the pre-transitional disk of V1247 Orionis
Astrophysical Journal Letters
American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing
The radial drift problem constitutes one of the most fundamental problems in planet formation theory, as it predicts particles to drift into the star before they are able to grow to planetesimal size. Dust-trapping vortices have been proposed as a possible solution to this problem, as they might be able to trap particles over millions of years, allowing them to grow beyond the radial drift barrier. Here, we present ALMA 0.04′′-resolution imaging of the pre-transitional disk of V1247 Orionis that reveals an asymmetric ring as well as a sharply-confined crescent structure, resembling morphologies seen in theoretical models of vortex formation. The asymmetric ring (at 0.17′′=54 au separation from the star) and the crescent (at 0.38′′=120 au) seem smoothly connected through a one-armed spiral arm structure that has been found previously in scattered light. We propose a physical scenario with a planet orbiting at ∼ 0.3′′≈100 au, where the onearmed spiral arm detected in polarised light traces the accretion stream feeding the protoplanet. The dynamical influence of the planet clears the gap between the ring and the crescent and triggers two vortices that trap mm-sized particles, namely the crescent and the bright asymmetry seen in the ring. We conducted dedicated hydrodynamics simulations of a disk with an embedded planet, which results in similar spiral-arm morphologies as seen in our scattered light images. At the position of the spiral wake and the crescent we also observe 12CO (3-2) and H12CO+ (4-3) excess line emission, likely tracing the increased scale-height in these disk regions.
This paper makes use of ALMA data set ADS/JAO.ALMA#2015.1.00986.S. We thank the German ALMA ARC for support, in particular Stefanie M¨uhle and Benjamin Magnelli. Our team acknowledges support from the European Research Council (Grant Agreement Numbers 639889 and 339248), an STFC Rutherford Fellowship/Grant (ST/J004030/1, ST/K003445/1), Philip Leverhulme Prize (PLP-2013-110), NAOJ ALMA Scientific Research Grant (Number 2016-02A), and NASA Exoplanet Research Program grants NNX16AJ75G and NNX17AF88G. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), MOST and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ. This work used the DiRAC Complexity system, operated by the University of Leicester IT Services, which forms part of the STFC DiRAC HPC Facility. This equipment is funded by BIS National E-Infrastructure capital grant ST/K000373/1 and STFC DiRAC Operations grant ST/K0003259/1.
This is the final version of the article. Available from American Astronomical Society via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 848, article L11