A library of ATMO forward model transmission spectra for hot Jupiter exoplanets
Oxford University Press (OUP) / Royal Astronomical Society
© 2017 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
We present a grid of forward model transmission spectra, adopting an isothermal temperature-pressure profile, alongside corresponding equilibrium chemical abundances for 117 observationally significant hot exoplanets (Equilibrium Temperatures of 547-2710 K). This model grid has been developed using a 1D radiative-convectivechemical equilibrium model termed ATMO, with up-to-date high temperature opacities. We present an interpretation of observations of ten exoplanets, including best fit parameters and χ 2 maps. In agreement with previous works, we find a continuum from clear to hazy/cloudy atmospheres for this sample of hot Jupiters. The data for all the 10 planets are consistent with sub-solar to solar C/O ratio, 0.005 to 10 times solar metallicity and water rather than a methane dominated infrared spectra. We then explore the range of simulated atmospheric spectra for different exoplanets, based on characteristics such as temperature, metallicity, C/O-ratio, haziness and cloudiness. We find a transition value for the metallicity between 10 and 50 times solar, which leads to substantial changes in the transmission spectra. We also find a transition value of C/O ratio, from water to carbon species dominated infrared spectra, as found by previous works, revealing a temperature dependence of this transition point ranging from ∼0.56 to ∼1-1.3 for equilibrium temperatures from ∼900 to ∼2600 K. We highlight the potential of the spectral features of HCN and C2H2 to constrain the metallicities and C/O ratios of planets, using JWST observations. Finally, our entire grid (∼460,000 simulations) is publicly available and can be used directly with the JWST simulator PandExo for planning observations.
J.M.G and N.M are part funded by a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant, and in part by a University of Exeter College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences PhD studentship. D.K.S, T.E, N.N acknowledges support from the European Research Council under the European Unions Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007- 2013)/ ERC grant agreement number 336792. B.D. thanks the University of Exeter for support through a Ph.D. studentship. D.S.A. acknowledges support from the NASA Astrobiology Program through the Nexus for Exoplanet System Science.This work used the DiRAC Complexity system, operated by the University of Leicester IT Services, which forms part of the STFC DiRAC HPC Facility. This work also used the University of Exeter Supercomputer, a DiRAC Facility jointly funded by STFC, the Large Facilities Capital Fund of BIS and the University of Exeter.
This is the final version. Available from OUP via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 474 (4), pp. 5158–5185