Ideal Weyl points and helicoid surface states in artificial photonic crystal structures (article)
American Association for the Advancement of Science
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Reason for embargo
Under embargo until 11 July 2018 in compliance with publisher policy
Weyl points are the crossing points of linearly dispersing energy bands in the Brillouin zone of three-dimensional crystals. Weyl points provide the opportunity to explore a variety of intriguing phenomena such as topologically protected surface states and chiral anomalies. However the lack of an ideal Weyl system poses a serious limitation to the further development of Weyl physics and potential applications. Here, by experimentally characterizing a microwave photonic crystal comprised of a three dimensional array of saddle-shaped metallic coils, we observe ideal Weyl points which are related to each other through symmetry operations. Topological surface states exhibiting helicoidal structure in the energy-momentum space have also been demonstrated, which serve as a direct manifestation of the chiral nature of the Weyl points.
This work was financially supported by ERC Consolidator Grant (Topological) and Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2012-674). S. Z. acknowledges support from the Royal Society and Wolfson Foundation. B. Y. acknowledges support from China Scholarship Council (201306110041). Y. X. acknowledges support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61490713). L. E. B. and A. P. H. acknowledge financial support from EPSRC of the United Kingdom (Grant No. EP/L015331/1). C.F. was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China under grant No. 2016YFA0302400 and by NSFC under grant No. 11674370. L.L. was supported by the National key R&D Program of China under Grant No. 2017YFA0303800, 2016YFA0302400 and by NSFC under Project No. 11721404.
The dataset associated with this article is located in ORE at: http://hdl.handle.net/10871/30744
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from AAAS via the DOI in this record.
Published online 11 January 2018