Performance analysis of robust stable PID controllers using dominant pole placement for SOPTD process models
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Reason for embargo
Under embargo until 31 January 2019 in compliance with publisher policy
This paper derives new formulations for designing dominant pole placement based proportionalintegral-derivative (PID) controllers to handle second order processes with time delays (SOPTD). Previously, similar attempts have been made for pole placement in delay-free systems. The presence of the time delay term manifests itself as a higher order system with variable number of interlaced poles and zeros upon Pade approximation, which makes it difficult to achieve precise pole placement control. We here report the analytical expressions to constrain the closed loop dominant and nondominant poles at the desired locations in the complex s-plane, using a third order Pade approximation for the delay term. However, invariance of the closed loop performance with different time delay approximation has also been verified using increasing order of Pade, representing a closed to reality higher order delay dynamics. The choice of the nature of non-dominant poles e.g. all being complex, real or a combination of them modifies the characteristic equation and influences the achievable stability regions. The effect of different types of non-dominant poles and the corresponding stability regions are obtained for nine test-bench processes indicating different levels of open-loop damping and lag to delay ratio. Next, we investigate which expression yields a wider stability region in the design parameter space by using Monte Carlo simulations while uniformly sampling a chosen design parameter space. The accepted data-points from the stabilizing region in the design parameter space can then be mapped on to the PID controller parameter space, relating these two sets of parameters. The widest stability region is then used to find out the most robust solution which are investigated using an unsupervised data clustering algorithm yielding the optimal centroid location of the arbitrary shaped stability regions. Various time and frequency domain control performance parameters are investigated next, as well as their deviations with uncertain process parameters, using thousands of Monte Carlo simulations, around the robust stable solution for each of the nine test-bench processes. We also report, PID controller tuning rules for the robust stable solutions using the test-bench processes while also providing computational complexity analysis of the algorithm and carry out hypothesis testing for the distribution of sampled data-points for different classes of process dynamics and non-dominant pole types.
KH acknowledges the support from the University Grants Commission (UGC), Govt. of India under its Basic Scientific Research (BSR) scheme
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record
Published online 31 January 2018