ENSO teleconnections to the Indian summer monsoon in observations and models
Tedeschi, , RG
International Journal of Climatology
Wiley / Royal Meteorological Society
© 2016 Royal Meteorological Society
The teleconnections of different types of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) to the Indian summer monsoon are investigated in observations and models. We find that, not all regions in India are strongly affected by ENSO, so we focus on two regional teleconnections: (1) a negative rainfall signal around central north east (CNE) India and ‘hilly’ region during El Niño (and vice versa for La Niña) and (2) similar signal for parts of southern peninsular region. Using correlations, it is found that >50% of the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project models capture these two regional teleconnections, with first captured by >80% of models. Furthermore, using a compositing technique that may better capture asymmetries in response to warm and cold events, the authors find that most models again agree on the sign of regional teleconnection around the CNE and hilly region, suggesting the robustness of ENSO signal in that region. The peninsular teleconnection is less well simulated in models. We find a clear connection between the Walker circulation and Indian summer monsoon rainfall around central India in models.
This work is done under SAPRISE (South Asian precipitation: a seamless assessment) project, NERC number NE/I022841/1. I.R. also acknowledges the funding from ReCoVER project, UK.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Wiley via the DOI in this record
Vol. 37 (4), pp. 1794 - 1813