The transition from granite to banded aplite-pegmatite sheet complexes: An example from Megiliggar rocks, Tregonning topaz granite, Cornwall
Vašinová Galiová, M
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Reason for embargo
Under embargo until 01 February 2019 in compliance with publisher's policy.
The genetic relationship between a granite pluton and adjacent complex of rare-metal pegmatite-aplite-banded sheets (Megiliggar Sheet Complex - MSC) has been studied at the border of the Tregonning topaz granite at Megiliggar Rocks, Cornwall, SW England. Similarities in whole-rock chemical and mineralogical compositions, together with a gradual change in textures away from the granite margin, provide strong evidence for a genetic link between the Tregonning Granite and MSC. The sheets are likely to represent apophyses of residual melt which escaped from the largely crystallised roof of the granite pluton. The escaping melt was peraluminous, had a composition near the F, B, Li slightly enriched granite minimum, and, in comparison with other Cornish granites, was enriched in F, Li, Rb, Cs, Sn, W, Nb, Ta, and U, and depleted in Fe, Mg, Ca, Sr, Th, Zr, and REE. With increasing distance from the Tregonning Granite, the silicate melt crystallised as homogeneous leucogranite sheets and banded complex sheets (i.e. combinations of bands with granitic, aplitic and pegmatitic textures), then layered aplite-pegmatites; this sequence becoming progressively more depleted in the fluxing and volatile elements F, Li, Rb, and Cs, but showing no change in Zr/Hf ratios. The fixed Zr/Hf ratio is interpreted as indicating a direct genetic link (parental melt) between all rock types, however the melt progressively lost fluxing and volatile elements with distance from the granite pluton, probably due to wall-rock reaction or fluid exsolution and migration via fractures. Differentiation of the primary melt into Na-Li-F-rich and separate K-B-rich domains was the dominant chemical process responsible for the textural and mineral diversity of the MSC. On a large (cliff-section) scale, the proximal Na-Li-F-rich leucogranite passes through complex sheets into K-B-rich aplite-pegmatites, whilst at a smaller (< 1 m) scale, the K-B-rich bands are interspersed (largely overlain) by Na-Li-F-rich segregations. The grain size differences between the aplite and pegmatite could be related to pressure fluctuations and/or undercooling.
Laser-ablation ICP-MS analyses of micas and tourmaline in Masaryk University Brno were supported by the Czech Science Foundation project No. GA14-13600S. All other analytical work for this contribution was supported by the RVO 67985831 in the Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Praha. We are grateful to P. Davidson and an anonymous referee for their reviews.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Available online 31 January 2018