WASP-4b Transit Observations With GROND
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO)
© ESO, 2012
Ground-based simultaneous multiband transit observations allow an accurate system parameters determination and may lead to the detection and characterization of additional bodies via the transit timing variations (TTVs) method. We aimed to (i) characterize the heavily bloated WASP-4b hot Jupiter and its star by measuring system parameters and the dependence of the planetary radius as a function of four (Sloan g', r', i', z') wavelengths and (ii) search for TTVs. We recorded 987 images during three complete transits with the GROND instrument, mounted on the MPG/ESO-2.2m telescope at La Silla Observatory. Assuming a quadratic law for the stellar limb darkening we derive system parameters by fitting a composite transit light curve over all bandpasses simultaneously. To compute uncertainties of the fitted parameters, we employ the Bootstrap Monte Carlo Method. The three central transit times are measured with precision down to 6 s. We find a planetary radius Rp = 1.413+/-0.020 RJup, an orbital inclination i = 88deg57'+/-0.45deg and calculate a new ephemeris, a period P = 1.33823144+/-0.00000032days and a reference transit epoch T0 = 2454697.798311+/-0.000046 (BJD). Analysis of the new transit mid-times in combination with previous measurements shows no sign of a TTV signal greater than 20s. We perform simplified numerical simulations to place upper-mass limits of a hypothetical perturber in the WASP-4b system.
Part of the funding for GROND (both hardware as well as personnel) was generously granted from the Leibniz-Prize to Prof. G. Hasinger (DFG grant HA 1850/28-1). N.N. acknowledges the Klaus Tschira Stiftung (KTS) and the Heidelberg Graduate School of Fundamental Physics (HGSFP) for the financial support of his Ph.D. research. G.M. acknowledges the financial support from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education through the Iuventus Plus grant IP2010 023070.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from EDP Sciences via the DOI in this record
Vol. 539, article A159