Policies, politics and demand side innovations: The untold story of Germany's energy transition
Energy Research and Social Science
© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Open Access funded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Under a Creative Commons license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
This article shines a light on a less examined aspect of sustainable energy transitions: governing for demand side innovations in Germany. Demand innovations are considered to be central to affordable, efficient and politically acceptable energy system transformations, however many argue that not enough is being done in governance terms. In a departure from much analysis on demand policy demand innovations are defined broadly here to explicitly include demand side response, demand reduction and distributed ener gy – given that each has important roles to play within demand-oriented markets. Demand governance is conceptualised as a long-term political process that is both contextually specific but also open to challenge and change at various points in time. The single case study is Germany where demand governance, recent changes in energy markets, and implications for how the politics of energy are changing are all analysed. This paper reveals the specific ways in which critical policy debates emerge over time and influence political decision-making; the ways in which these debates relate to changes in energy markets; as well as a lack of governance in relation to enabling demand side response and local energy markets.
We would like to thank The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [EP/K001582/1], for their support in making this article possible, as well as the anonymous ERSS reviewers for their in-depth and insightful comments.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record
Vol. 28, pp. 58 - 67