INFERNO: A fire and emissions scheme for the UK Met Office's Unified Model
Geoscientific Model Development
European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Warm and dry climatological conditions favour the occurrence of forest fires. These fires then become a significant emission source to the atmosphere. Despite this global importance, fires are a local phenomenon and are difficult to represent in large-scale Earth system models (ESMs). To address this, the INteractive Fire and Emission algoRithm for Natural envirOnments (INFERNO) was developed. INFERNO follows a reduced complexity approach and is intended for decadal- to centennial-scale climate simulations and assessment models for policy making. Fuel flammability is simulated using temperature, relative humidity (RH) and fuel load as well as precipitation and soil moisture. Combining flammability with ignitions and vegetation, the burnt area is diagnosed. Emissions of carbon and key species are estimated using the carbon scheme in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) land surface model. JULES also possesses fire index diagnostics, which we document and compare with our fire scheme. We found INFERNO captured global burnt area variability better than individual indices, and these performed best for their native regions. Two meteorology data sets and three ignition modes are used to validate the model. INFERNO is shown to effectively diagnose global fire occurrence (R Combining double low line 0.66) and emissions (R Combining double low line 0.59) through an approach appropriate to the complexity of an ESM, although regional biases remain.
Stephen Sitch acknowledges the support of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) South AMerican Biomass Burning Analysis (SAMBBA) project grant code NE/J010057/1. The lead author gracefully thanks the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, UK) and the UK Met Office for ongoing financial support, as well as the European Commission’s Marie Curie Actions International Research Staff Exchange Scheme (IRSES) for past support under the REQUA project.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from EGU via the DOI in this record
The manuscript under review version of this article is in ORE at http://hdl.handle.net/10871/22887
Vol. 9, pp. 2685 - 2700