A multi-instrument and multi-wavelength high angular resolution study of MWC614: quantum heated particles inside the disk cavity
Kluska, J; Kraus, S; Davies, CL; et al.Harries, T; Willson, M; Monnier, JD; Aarnio, A; Baron, F; Millan-Gabet, R; Brummelaar, TT; Che, X; Hinkley, S; Preibisch, T; Sturmann, J; Sturmann, L; Touhami, Y
Date: 6 March 2018
American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing
High angular resolution observations of young stellar objects are required to study the inner astronomical units of protoplanetary disks in which the majority of planets form. As they evolve, gaps open up in the inner disk regions and the disks are fully dispersed within ~10 Myrs. MWC 614 is a pre-transitional object with a ~10au radius ...
High angular resolution observations of young stellar objects are required to study the inner astronomical units of protoplanetary disks in which the majority of planets form. As they evolve, gaps open up in the inner disk regions and the disks are fully dispersed within ~10 Myrs. MWC 614 is a pre-transitional object with a ~10au radius gap. We present a set of high angular resolution observations of this object including SPHERE/ZIMPOL polarimetric and coronagraphic images in the visible, KECK/NIRC2 near-infrared aperture masking observations and VLTI (AMBER, MIDI, and PIONIER) and CHARA (CLASSIC and CLIMB) long-baseline interferometry at infrared wavelengths. We find that all the observations are compatible with an inclined disk (i ~55deg at a position angle of ~20-30deg). The mid-infrared dataset confirms the disk inner rim to be at 12.3+/-0.4 au from the central star. We determined an upper mass limit of 0.34 Msun for a companion inside the cavity. Within the cavity, the near-infrared emission, usually associated with the dust sublimation region, is unusually extended (~10 au, 30 times larger than the theoretical sublimation radius) and indicates a high dust temperature (T~1800 K). As a possible result of companion-induced dust segregation, quantum heated dust grains could explain the extended near-infrared emission with this high temperature. Our observations confirm the peculiar state of this object where the inner disk has already been accreted onto the star exposing small particles inside the cavity to direct stellar radiation.
Physics and Astronomy
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences
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