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dc.contributor.authorLowes, RL
dc.contributor.authorWoodman, B
dc.contributor.authorFitch-Roy, O
dc.coverage.spatialUKen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-23T09:50:12Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-27
dc.description.abstractIncumbency is frequently considered as a barrier to the transformation of unsustainable socio-technical systems such as energy systems. However, despite wide use of the term, ‘incumbency’ has never been fully or adequately defined within the sustainable transitions literature. This working paper considers the use and meaning of the term incumbency in relation to sustainable transformations, specifically in relation to the UK’s heat system. It takes ideas of incumbency from other disciplines including economics, politics and innovation. Synthesising these literatures, the paper proposes a number of characteristics of incumbency. Finally we propose a definition of incumbency in relation to sustainability transformations, which suggests that incumbents are actors already present in a specific socio-technical system, who are likely to be involved with unsustainable practices, and who possess the capacity to affect system change.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipUKERC is funded by The Research Councils UK Energy Programme.en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/33519
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherUK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)en_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ukerc.ac.uk/publications/defining-incumbency-considering-the-uk-heat-sector-.htmlen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/33520
dc.relation.urlhttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/33518
dc.relation.urlhttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/33521
dc.rights.embargoreasonUnder temporary embargo pending publisher permission.en_GB
dc.subjectheaten_GB
dc.subjectincumbencyen_GB
dc.subjecttransitionen_GB
dc.subjectsocio-technical systemen_GB
dc.titleDefining incumbency: considering the UK heat sectoren_GB
dc.typeWorking Paperen_GB
dc.date.available2017-02-27en_GB
dc.languageEnglishen_GB
dc.descriptionThis is the final version of the article. Available from UKERC via the link in this record.en_GB
dc.descriptionThis is working paper 1/3 from the Heat, Incumbency and Transformations (HIT) project.en_GB


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