Distinct dynamical behavior in Erdos-Rényi networks, regular random networks, ring lattices, and all-to-all neuronal networks
Lopes, MA; Goltsev, AV
Date: 4 February 2019
Physical Review E
American Physical Society
Neuronal network dynamics depends on network structure. In this paper we study how network topology underpins the emergence of different dynamical behaviors in neuronal networks. In particular, we consider neuronal network dynamics on Erdos-Rényi (ER) networks, regular random (RR) networks, ring lattices, and all-to-all networks. We ...
Neuronal network dynamics depends on network structure. In this paper we study how network topology underpins the emergence of different dynamical behaviors in neuronal networks. In particular, we consider neuronal network dynamics on Erdos-Rényi (ER) networks, regular random (RR) networks, ring lattices, and all-to-all networks. We solve analytically a neuronal network model with stochastic binary-state neurons in all the network topologies, except ring lattices. Given that apart from network structure, all four models are equivalent, this allows us to understand the role of network structure in neuronal network dynamics. While ER and RR networks are characterized by similar phase diagrams, we find strikingly different phase diagrams in the all-to-all network. Neuronal network dynamics is not only different within certain parameter ranges, but it also undergoes different bifurcations (with a richer repertoire of bifurcations in ER and RR compared to all-to-all networks). This suggests that local heterogeneity in the ratio between excitation and inhibition plays a crucial role on emergent dynamics. Furthermore, we also observe one subtle discrepancy between ER and RR networks, namely, ER networks undergo a neuronal activity jump at lower noise levels compared to RR networks, presumably due to the degree heterogeneity in ER networks that is absent in RR networks. Finally, a comparison between network oscillations in RR networks and ring lattices shows the importance of small-world properties in sustaining stable network oscillations.
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences
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