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dc.contributor.authorPilgrim, ES
dc.contributor.authorOsborne, J
dc.contributor.authorWinter, M
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-09T09:05:58Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-01
dc.description.abstractGlobally, the contribution of own-growers' to food security is over-looked.We explore a novel temperate, own-growing, agroforestry method that originates from Britain; the forest garden. Inspired by ancient tropical multi-layered homegardens, forest gardens integrate nature and food production. Consequently, they have spread globally despitebeing little researched. We sub-sampled 51 British forest gardens described as: Mature (≥15 years old), Young (≤10 years old) or Mixed (Young forest garden with an experienced manager). Using a semi-structured telephone questionnaire, we characterise forest gardens as: diverse food systems containing on average 64.2 (±6.65) predominantly perennial plant species; spread over at least four layers. Typically, they are ≤0.8 ha; on sloping, low value agricultural land. Forest gardeners are principally motivated by environmental protection and a lifestyle that enhances well-being. Their diet is broadened by foraging wild plants and common garden species, considered a delicacy in other cultures; thereby reducing their reliance on environmentally challenging annual crops. Forest gardens, like homegardens, could deliver social, economic and environmental benefits. They also illustrate that exploring ancient cultures and techniques can provide ideas and solutions to our modern food conundrums. However, combing a holistic academic approach with forest and homegarden practitioner knowledge will enhance our understanding of their alternative crops.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)en_GB
dc.identifier.citationVol. 7 (2), pp. 4 - 16en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.5836/ijam/2018-07-04
dc.identifier.grantnumberSL-06535en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10871/37902
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.publisherInstitute of Agricultural Management / International Farm Management Associationen_GB
dc.rights.embargoreasonUnder embargo until 1 December 2019 in compliance with publisher policyen_GB
dc.rights© 2018 International Farm Management Association and Institute of Agricultural Managementen_GB
dc.subjectcropsen_GB
dc.subjectethnobotanyen_GB
dc.subjectfood securityen_GB
dc.subjectperennialen_GB
dc.subjectsustainable food productionen_GB
dc.titleEvaluating the multiple benefits of multi-layered agroforestry systemsen_GB
dc.typeArticleen_GB
dc.date.available2019-07-09T09:05:58Z
dc.identifier.issn2047-3710
dc.descriptionThis is the final version. Available from the publisher via the DOI in this recorden_GB
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Agricultural Managementen_GB
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_GB
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-10-01
rioxxterms.versionVoRen_GB
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-12-01
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_GB
refterms.dateFCD2019-07-09T08:32:00Z
refterms.versionFCDAM
refterms.panelCen_GB


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