On the Locality of Data and Claims About Phenomena
Philosophy of Science
University of Chicago Press
Bogen and Woodward characterized data as embedded in the context in which they are produced ('local') and claims about phenomena as retaining their significance beyond that context ('nonlocal'). This view does not fit sciences such as biology, which successfully disseminate data via packaging processes that include appropriate labels, vehicles, and human interventions. These processes enhance the evidential scope of data and ensure that claims about phenomena are understood in the same way across research communities. I conclude that the degree of locality of both data and claims about phenomena varies depending on the packaging used to make them travel and on the research setting in which they are used.
Vol. 76, Issue 5, pp. 737 - 749