Bioavailability of nanoscale metal oxides TiO(2), CeO(2), and ZnO to fish
Scown, Tessa M.
Cumberland, Susan A.
van Aerle, Ronny
Lead, Jamie R.
Tyler, Charles R.
Environmental Science and Technology
American Chemical Society
Nanoparticles (NPs) are reported to be a potential environmental health hazard. For organisms living in the aquatic environment, there is uncertainty on exposure because of a lack of understanding and data regarding the fate, behavior, and bioavailability of the nanomaterials in the water column. This paper reports on a series of integrative biological and physicochemical studies on the uptake of unmodified commercial nanoscale metal oxides, zinc oxide (ZnO), cerium dioxide (CeO(2)), and titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), from the water and diet to determine their potential ecotoxicological impacts on fish as a function of concentration. Particle characterizations were performed and tissue concentrations were measured by a wide range of analytical methods. Definitive uptake from the water column and localization of TiO(2) NPs in gills was demonstrated for the first time by use of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. Significant uptake of nanomaterials was found only for cerium in the liver of zebrafish exposed via the water and ionic titanium in the gut of trout exposed via the diet. For the aqueous exposures undertaken, formation of large NP aggregates (up to 3 mum) occurred and it is likely that this resulted in limited bioavailability of the unmodified metal oxide NPs in fish.
addresses: The Hatherly Laboratories, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, UK.
types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society. Post print version of article deposited. The final published version is available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es901971a
Environmental Science and Technology, 2010, Vol. 44, Issue 3, pp. 1144 - 1151
Place of publication