Behind the cube rule: implications of and evidence against a fractal electoral geography

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Behind the cube rule: implications of and evidence against a fractal electoral geography

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dc.contributor.author Maloney, John en_GB
dc.contributor.author Pearson, Bernard en_GB
dc.contributor.author Pickering, Andrew C. en_GB
dc.contributor.department University of Exeter; University of Bristol (Pickering) en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2008-07-15T09:51:41Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T10:25:22Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-19T15:56:12Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en_GB
dc.description.abstract In 1909 Parker Smith showed that the ratio of seats won by the two major parties in Britain was close to the cube of the ratio of their votes. Taagepera and Shugart argue, wrongly, that a fractal electoral map implies this. In fact their premises imply that the seats’ ratio will be the votes’ ratio to the power of , not 3. However, in the six countries we examine, the figure is between 2 and 3. This implies that the electoral map is nonfractal, political allegiances becoming less ‘clustered’ as you move from a macro to a micro scale. Taking the U.K., we ask if this is due to the geographical pattern of income distribution, and find that this is even further away from fractality than is voting. This fits the well known ‘neighborhood effect’ whereby poor (rich) people in rich (poor) constituencies vote as if richer (poorer) than they really are. en_GB
dc.identifier.citation Environment and Planning A, August 2003 35(8) p. 1405-1414 en_GB
dc.identifier.doi 10.1068/a35184 en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/31973 en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Pion en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries Discussion Papers in Economics en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries 01/03 en_GB
dc.relation.url http://www.envplan.com/ en_GB
dc.relation.url http://www.sobe.ex.ac.uk/economics/papers/2001/Econ0103.pdf en_GB
dc.subject elections en_GB
dc.subject cube en_GB
dc.subject fractal en_GB
dc.subject voting en_GB
dc.title Behind the cube rule: implications of and evidence against a fractal electoral geography en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2008-07-15T09:51:41Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T10:25:22Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-19T15:56:12Z
dc.identifier.issn 0308518X en_GB
dc.identifier.issn 14723409 en_GB
dc.description An earlier version of this paper was issued as Discussion Papers in Economics, 01/03. The definitive, peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Environment and Planning A, August 2003 35(8) p. 1405-1414 en_GB
dc.identifier.journal Environment and Planning A en_GB


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