Intellectual Property and 3D Printing: A case study on 3D chocolate printing
Griffin, James G.H.
Everson, Richard M.
Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice
Oxford University Press (OUP)
The emergence of 3D printing technology as a ‘disruptive technology’ challenges the existing intellectual property framework. Our paper considers one part of that framework—copyright—in the light of 3D printing, with a special focus on issues involving artistic works and liability for authorization of infringement of copyright. We consider a scenario concerning consumer co-creation arising from 3D chocolate printing technology developed at Exeter University. We discuss the production of two-dimensional artistic works into three dimensions; ownership; originality and substantial copying; and authorship, term of protection and authorization of infringement. We consider different business models for co-creation of 3D printing technology. We conclude that by resorting to collective bargaining mechanisms and collective licensing schemes akin to those developed in the UK and in Europe, the co-creators could be rewarded through mechanisms akin to benefit sharing.
University of Exeter
This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in the Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice following peer review. The version of record is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jiplp/jpt217
Published online: January 2, 2014