Exploring the origins of deuterium enrichments in solar nebular organics
Cleeves, L. Ilsedore
Bergin, Edwin A.
Alexander, Conel M. O’D.
Oberg, Karin I.
Harries, Tim J.
American Astronomical Society
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Deuterium-to-hydrogen (D/H) enrichments in molecular species provide clues about their original formation environment. The organic materials in primitive solar system bodies have generally higher D/H ratios and show greater D/H variation when compared to D/H in solar system water. We propose this di erence arises at least in part due to 1) the availability of additional chemical fractionation pathways for organics beyond that for water, and 2) the higher volatility of key carbon reservoirs compared to oxygen. We test this hypothesis using detailed disk models, including a sophisticated, new disk ionization treatment with a low cosmic ray ionization rate, and nd that disk chemistry leads to higher deuterium enrichment in organics compared to water, helped especially by fractionation via the precursors CH2D+/CH+ 3 . We also nd that the D/H ratio in individual species varies signi cantly depending on their particular formation pathways. For example, from 20 40 AU, CH4 can reach D=H 2 10 3, while D/H in CH3OH remains locally unaltered. Finally, while the global organic D/H in our models can reproduce intermediately elevated D/H in the bulk hydrocarbon reservoir, our models are unable to reproduce the most deuterium-enriched organic materials in the solar system, and thus our model requires some inheritance from the cold interstellar medium from which the Sun formed.
Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship
NASA Cosmochemistry grant
NASA Origins of Solar Systems Program
Simons Collaboration on the Origins of Life (SCOL)
NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant
Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy,Inc., for NASA
Vol. 819 (1), article 13