In vitro characterisation of cell-level neurophysiological diversity in the rostral nucleus reuniens of adult mice
Journal of Physiology
Reason for embargo
The nucleus reuniens (Re) is the largest of the midline thalamic nuclei. We have performed a detailed neurophysiological characterization of neurons in the rostral Re of brain slices prepared from adult male mice. At resting potential (−63.7 ± 0.6 mV), circa 90% of Re neurons fired action potentials, typically continuously at ∼8 Hz. Although Re neurons experience a significant spontaneous barrage of fast, amino-acid-mediate synaptic transmission, this was not predominantly responsible for spontaneous spiking as firing persisted in the presence of glutamate and GABA receptor antagonists. With resting potential preset to −80 mV −20 pA current injections revealed a mean input resistance of 615 MΩ and mean time constant of 38 ms. Following cessation of this stimulus a significant rebound potential was seen that was sometimes large enough to trigger a short burst of very high frequency (100–300 Hz) firing. In most cells short (2 ms), strong (2 nA) current injections elicited a single spike followed by a large afterdepolarizing potential (ADP) which, when suprathreshold, generated high frequency spiking. Similarly, in the majority of cells preset at −80 mV, 500 ms depolarizing current injections to cells led to a brief initial burst of very high frequency firing, although this was lost when cells were preset at −72 mV. Biophysical and pharmacological experiments indicate a prominent role for T-type Ca2+ channels in the high-frequency bursting of Re neurons. Finally, we describe a novel form of activity-dependent intrinsic plasticity that persistently eliminates the burst firing potential of Re neurons.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Wiley via the DOI in this record.
Accepted manuscript online: 11 March 2017