Gonadotropin-releasing hormone signaling: An information theoretic approach
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
© 2017 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Reason for embargo
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a peptide hormone that mediates central control of reproduction, acting via G-protein coupled receptors that are primarily Gq coupled and mediate GnRH effects on the synthesis and secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone. A great deal is known about the GnRH receptor signaling network but GnRH is secreted in short pulses and much less is known about how gonadotropes decode this pulsatile signal. Similarly, single cell measures reveal considerable cell-cell heterogeneity in responses to GnRH but the impact of this variability on signaling is largely unknown. Ordinary differential equation-based mathematical models have been used to explore the decoding of pulse dynamics and information theory-derived statistical measures are increasingly used to address the influence of cell-cell variability on the amount of information transferred by signaling pathways. Here, we describe both approaches for GnRH signaling, with emphasis on novel insights gained from the information theoretic approach and on the fundamental question of why GnRH is secreted in pulses.
This work was funded Project Grants from MRC (93447) and the BBSRC (J014699). KTA and MV gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the EPSRC via grant EP/N014391/1 and an MRC Biomedical Informatics Fellowship (MR/K021826/1), respectively.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Available online 29 July 2017