The timing of mergers along the production chain, capital structure, and risk dynamics
Journal of Banking & Finance
I demonstrate that the timing of vertical mergers is generally dependent on industry characteristics. My predictions are consistent with empirically observed patterns of vertical mergers. I show that merger activity during economic upturns tends to be motivated by operating efficiencies, while merger activity during economic downturns tends to occur as a means of keeping production chain operational. Mergers allow firms to capture synergies and improve efficiencies in order to survive economic contractions. The pricing framework implies that a vertical merger decision usually reduces risk during two different economic states.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Banking and Finance. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Banking and Finance, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.jbankfin.2015.03.014
Vol. 57, pp. 51-64
Place of publication