Now showing items 119-138 of 725

  • Conditions for propagation and block of excitation in an asymptotic model of atrial tissue. 

    Simitev, R. D.; Biktashev, V. N. (2006)
    Detailed ionic models of cardiac cells are difficult for numerical simulations because they consist of a large number of equations and contain small parameters. The presence of small parameters, however, may be used for ...
  • Conditions for sink-to-source transitions and runaway feedbacks from the land carbon cycle 

    Cox, Peter M.; Huntingford, Chris; Jones, Chris D. (Cambridge University Press, 2006-02)
    The first GCM climate-carbon cycle simulation indicated that the land biosphere could provide a significant acceleration of 21st century climate change (Cox et al. 2000). In this numerical experiment the carbon storage was ...
  • Cone exchange transformations and boundedness of orbits 

    Ashwin, Peter; Goetz, Arek (Cambridge University Press, 2010)
    We introduce a class of two-dimensional piecewise isometries on the plane that we refer to as cone exchange transformations (CETs). These are generalizations of interval exchange transformations (IETs) to 2D unbounded ...
  • Confidence in Classification: A Bayesian Approach 

    Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Partridge, Derek; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Everson, Richard M.; Schetinin, Vitaly (Springer Verlag, 2006)
    Bayesian classification is currently of considerable interest. It provides a strategy for eliminating the uncertainty associated with a particular choice of classifiermodel parameters, and is the optimal decision-theoretic ...
  • Confident interpretation of Bayesian decision tree ensembles for clinical applications 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Coats, Timothy J.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Everson, Richard M.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Hernandez, Adolfo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2007)
    Bayesian averaging (BA) over ensembles of decision models allows evaluation of the uncertainty of decisions that is of crucial importance for safety-critical applications such as medical diagnostics. The interpretability ...
  • A conjecture of Stanley on alternating permutations 

    Chapman, Robin; Williams, Lauren K. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2007)
    We give two simple proofs of a conjecture of Richard Stanley concerning the equidistribution of derangements and alternating permutations with the maximal number of fixed points.
  • Context-dependent interaction leads to emergent search behavior in social aggregates 

    Torney, Colin; Neufeld, Zoltan; Couzin, Iain D. (National Academy of Sciences, 2009)
    Locating the source of an advected chemical signal is a common challenge facing many living organisms. When the advecting medium is characterized by either high Reynolds number or high Peclet number, the task becomes highly ...
  • Continuation-based numerical detection of after-depolarization and spike-adding thresholds. 

    Nowacki, J; Osinga, HM; Tsaneva-Atanasova, KT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 2013-03-11)
    The changes in neuronal firing pattern are signatures of brain function, and it is of interest to understand how such changes evolve as a function of neuronal biophysical properties. We address this important problem by ...
  • Contribution of sea-ice loss to Arctic amplification is regulated by Pacific Ocean decadal variability 

    Screen, James A.; Francis, Jennifer A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05-02)
    The pace of Arctic warming is about double that at lower latitudes – a robust phenomenon known as Arctic amplification (AA)1. Many diverse climate processes and feedbacks cause AA2-7, including positive feedbacks associated ...
  • Control of Ca2+ Influx and Calmodulin Activation by SK-Channels in Dendritic Spines 

    Griffith, T; Tsaneva-Atanasova, K; Mellor, JR (Public Library of Science, 2016-05-27)
    The key trigger for Hebbian synaptic plasticity is influx of Ca2+ into postsynaptic dendritic spines. The magnitude of [Ca2+] increase caused by NMDA-receptor (NMDAR) and voltagegated Ca2+ -channel (VGCC) activation is ...
  • Control of Ca2+ influx and calmodulin activation by SK-channels in dendritic spines (dataset) 

    Griffith, Thom; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Mellor, Jack (PLoS, 2016-05-05)
    The key trigger for Hebbian synaptic plasticity is influx of Ca2+ into postsynaptic dendritic spines. The magnitude of [Ca2+] increase caused by NMDA-receptor (NMDAR) and voltage-gated Ca2+ -channel (VGCC) activation is ...
  • Control of scroll-wave turbulence using resonant perturbations 

    Morgan, S. W.; Biktasheva, I. V.; Biktashev, V. N. (American Physical Society, 2008)
    Turbulence of scroll waves is a sort of spatiotemporal chaos that exists in three-dimensional excitable media. Cardiac tissue and the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction are examples of such media. In cardiac tissue, chaotic ...
  • Control-based continuation of unstable periodic orbits 

    Sieber, J.; Krauskopf, Bernd; Wagg, David; Neild, Simon; Gonzalez-Buelga, A. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2011)
    We present an experimental procedure to track periodic orbits through a fold (saddle-node) bifurcation and demonstrate it with a parametrically excited pendulum experiment where the tracking parameter is the amplitude of ...
  • Controlling unstable chaos: stabilizing chimera states by feedback 

    Sieber, J.; Omel'chenko, Oleh E.; Wolfrum, Matthias (American Physical Society, 2014)
    We present a control scheme that is able to find and stabilize an unstable chaotic regime in a system with a large number of interacting particles. This allows us to track a high dimensional chaotic attractor through a ...
  • Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity versus turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models 

    Koven, CD; Chambers, JQ; Georgiou, K; Knox, R; Negron-Juarez, R; Riley, WJ; Arora, VK; Brovkin, V; Friedlingstein, P; Jones, CD (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2015-09-07)
    © Author(s) 2015. To better understand sources of uncertainty in projections of terrestrial carbon cycle feedbacks, we present an approach to separate the controls on modeled carbon changes. We separate carbon changes into ...
  • Convergence to local random attractors 

    Ashwin, Peter; Ochs, Gunter (Taylor & Francis, 2003)
    Random attractors allow one to classify qualitative and quantitative aspects of the long-time behaviour of stochastically forced systems viewed as random dynamical systems (RDS) in an analogous way to attractors for ...
  • Coronal Alfvén speed determination : consistency between seismology using AIA/SDO transverse loop oscillations and magnetic extrapolation 

    Verwichte, E.; Van Doorsselaere, T.; Foullon, Claire; White, R.S. (American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing, 2013)
    Two transversely oscillating coronal loops are investigated in detail during a flare on the 2011 September 6 using data from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. We compare two ...
  • Correcting the finite-ensemble bias of the ignorance score 

    Siegert, Stefan; Ferro, Christopher A.T.; Stephenson, David B. (Royal Meteorological Society, 2015)
    This study considers the application of the Ignorance Score (also known as the Logarithmic Score) in the context of ensemble verification. In particular, we consider the case where an ensemble forecast is transformed to a ...
  • Correction to ‘Shifted convolution and the Titchmarsh divisor problem over Fq[t] 

    Andrade, JC; Bary-Soroker, L; Rudnick, Z (Royal Society, 2016-02-13)
    Correction to original article: Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 373, 20140308 (28 April 2015; Published online 23 March 2015) (doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0308). Two of the equations in the original article contained a typographical ...
  • Correction to: “Constraining climate forecasts: The role of prior assumptions” 

    Frame, David J.; Booth, Ben B.B.; Kettleborough, J.A.; Stainforth, D.A.; Gregory, J.M.; Collins, Matthew; Allen, Myles R. (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2014-05-02)