Browsing Mathematics by Title
Now showing items 119138 of 708

Confident interpretation of Bayesian decision tree ensembles for clinical applications
(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2007)Bayesian averaging (BA) over ensembles of decision models allows evaluation of the uncertainty of decisions that is of crucial importance for safetycritical applications such as medical diagnostics. The interpretability ... 
A conjecture of Stanley on alternating permutations
(Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2007)We give two simple proofs of a conjecture of Richard Stanley concerning the equidistribution of derangements and alternating permutations with the maximal number of fixed points. 
Contextdependent interaction leads to emergent search behavior in social aggregates
(National Academy of Sciences, 2009)Locating the source of an advected chemical signal is a common challenge facing many living organisms. When the advecting medium is characterized by either high Reynolds number or high Peclet number, the task becomes highly ... 
Continuationbased numerical detection of afterdepolarization and spikeadding thresholds.
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 20130311)The changes in neuronal firing pattern are signatures of brain function, and it is of interest to understand how such changes evolve as a function of neuronal biophysical properties. We address this important problem by ... 
Contribution of seaice loss to Arctic amplification is regulated by Pacific Ocean decadal variability
(Nature Publishing Group, 20160502)The pace of Arctic warming is about double that at lower latitudes – a robust phenomenon known as Arctic amplification (AA)1. Many diverse climate processes and feedbacks cause AA27, including positive feedbacks associated ... 
Control of Ca2+ Influx and Calmodulin Activation by SKChannels in Dendritic Spines
(Public Library of Science, 20160527)The key trigger for Hebbian synaptic plasticity is influx of Ca2+ into postsynaptic dendritic spines. The magnitude of [Ca2+] increase caused by NMDAreceptor (NMDAR) and voltagegated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) activation is ... 
Control of Ca2+ influx and calmodulin activation by SKchannels in dendritic spines (dataset)
(PLoS, 20160505)The key trigger for Hebbian synaptic plasticity is influx of Ca2+ into postsynaptic dendritic spines. The magnitude of [Ca2+] increase caused by NMDAreceptor (NMDAR) and voltagegated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) activation is ... 
Control of scrollwave turbulence using resonant perturbations
(American Physical Society, 2008)Turbulence of scroll waves is a sort of spatiotemporal chaos that exists in threedimensional excitable media. Cardiac tissue and the BelousovZhabotinsky reaction are examples of such media. In cardiac tissue, chaotic ... 
Controlbased continuation of unstable periodic orbits
(American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2011)We present an experimental procedure to track periodic orbits through a fold (saddlenode) bifurcation and demonstrate it with a parametrically excited pendulum experiment where the tracking parameter is the amplitude of ... 
Controlling unstable chaos: stabilizing chimera states by feedback
(American Physical Society, 2014)We present a control scheme that is able to find and stabilize an unstable chaotic regime in a system with a large number of interacting particles. This allows us to track a high dimensional chaotic attractor through a ... 
Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity versus turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models
(European Geosciences Union (EGU), 20150907)© Author(s) 2015. To better understand sources of uncertainty in projections of terrestrial carbon cycle feedbacks, we present an approach to separate the controls on modeled carbon changes. We separate carbon changes into ... 
Convergence to local random attractors
(Taylor & Francis, 2003)Random attractors allow one to classify qualitative and quantitative aspects of the longtime behaviour of stochastically forced systems viewed as random dynamical systems (RDS) in an analogous way to attractors for ... 
Coronal Alfvén speed determination : consistency between seismology using AIA/SDO transverse loop oscillations and magnetic extrapolation
(American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing, 2013)Two transversely oscillating coronal loops are investigated in detail during a flare on the 2011 September 6 using data from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. We compare two ... 
Correcting the finiteensemble bias of the ignorance score
(Royal Meteorological Society, 2015)This study considers the application of the Ignorance Score (also known as the Logarithmic Score) in the context of ensemble verification. In particular, we consider the case where an ensemble forecast is transformed to a ... 
Correction to ‘Shifted convolution and the Titchmarsh divisor problem over Fq[t]
(Royal Society, 20160213)Correction to original article: Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 373, 20140308 (28 April 2015; Published online 23 March 2015) (doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0308). Two of the equations in the original article contained a typographical ... 
Correction to: “Constraining climate forecasts: The role of prior assumptions”
(American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 20140502)N/A 
A counterexample to "positive realness preserving model reduction with ℋ∞ norm error bounds"
(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011)We provide a counterexample to the H∞ error bound for the difference of a positive real transfer function and its positive real balanced truncation stated in “Positive realness preserving model reduction with H∞ norm error ... 
Countertraveling waves in rotating RayleighBénard convection.
(American Physical Society, 2008)Linear and nonlinear countertraveling waves in a fluidfilled annular cylinder with realistic noslip boundary conditions uniformly heated from below and rotating about a vertical axis are investigated. When the gap of ... 
Criteria for robustness of heteroclinic cycles in neural microcircuits.
(BioMed Central / SpringerOpen, 2011)We introduce a test for robustness of heteroclinic cycles that appear in neural microcircuits modeled as coupled dynamical cells. Robust heteroclinic cycles (RHCs) can appear as robust attractors in LotkaVolterratype ... 
Critical fronts in initiation of excitation waves
(American Physical Society, 2007)We consider the problem of initiation of propagating waves in a onedimensional excitable fiber. In the FitzHughNagumo theory, the key role is played by "critical nucleus" and "critical pulse" solutions whose (center) ...