Now showing items 100-119 of 845

  • Caution needed when linking weather extremes to amplified planetary waves 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian (National Academy of Sciences, 2013)
  • The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian (Nature Publishing Group, 2010)
    The rise in Arctic near-surface air temperatures has been almost twice as large as the global average in recent decades-a feature known as 'Arctic amplification'. Increased concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases ...
  • Chaos in generically coupled phase oscillator networks with nonpairwise interactions 

    Bick, C; Ashwin, P; Rodrigues, A (arXiv.org, 206)
    The Kuramoto-Sakaguchi system of coupled phase oscillators, where interaction between oscillators is determined by a single harmonic of phase differences of pairs of oscillators, has very simple emergent dynamics in the ...
  • Chaos in symmetric phase oscillator networks 

    Bick, Christian; Timme, Marc; Paulikat, Danilo; Rathlev, Dirk; Ashwin, Peter (American Physical Society, 2011)
    Phase-coupled oscillators serve as paradigmatic models of networks of weakly interacting oscillatory units in physics and biology. The order parameter which quantifies synchronization so far has been found to be chaotic ...
  • Chaotic Weak Chimeras and their Persistence in Coupled Populations of Phase Oscillators 

    Bick, Christian; Ashwin, Peter (arXiv.org, 2015-09-29)
    Nontrivial collective behavior may emerge from the interactive dynamics of many oscillatory units. Chimera states are chaotic patterns of spatially localized coherent and incoherent oscillations. The recently-introduced ...
  • Characteristic matrices for linear periodic delay differential equations 

    Sieber, J.; Szalai, R. (2011)
    Szalai, Stépán, and Hogan [SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 28 (2006), pp. 1301–1317] gave a general construction for characteristic matrices for systems of linear delay differential equations with periodic coefficients. First, we ...
  • Chimera states in networks of phase oscillators: the case of two small populations 

    Panaggio, Mark J.; Abrams, Daniel M.; Ashwin, Peter; Laing, Carlo R. (Arxiv.org, 2015-08-12)
    Chimera states are dynamical patterns in networks of coupled oscillators in which regions of synchronous and asynchronous oscillation coexist. Although these states are typically observed in large ensembles of oscillators ...
  • Chimera states in two populations with heterogeneous phase-lag 

    Martens, EA; Bick, C; Panaggio, MJ (AIP Publishing, 2016-09)
    The simplest network of coupled phase-oscillators exhibiting chimera states is given by two populations with disparate intra- and inter-population coupling strengths. We explore the effects of heterogeneous coupling ...
  • Chloroplasts play a central role in plant defence and are targeted by pathogen effectors 

    de Torres, M; Littlejohn, George; Jayaraman, S; Studholme, David J.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Lawson, T; Delfino, L; Licht, D; Truman, W; Bölter, B; Mansfield, J; Tillich, M; Smirnoff, Nicholas; Grant, Murray (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-06-01)
    Microbe associated molecular pattern (MAMP) receptors in plants recognize MAMPs and activate basal defences; however a complete understanding of the molecular and physiological mechanisms conferring immunity remains elusive. ...
  • Classification framework for partially observed dynamical systems 

    Shen, Y; Tino, P; Tsaneva-Atanasova, KT (American Physical Society, 2017-04-14)
    We present a general framework for classifying partially observed dynamical systems based on the idea of learning in the model space. In contrast to the existing approaches using model point estimates to represent ...
  • Classification of robust heteroclinic cycles for vector fields in R3 with symmetry 

    Hawker, David; Ashwin, Peter (Institute of Physics, 2005)
    We consider a classification of robust heteroclinic cycles in the positive octant of R3 under the action of the symmetry group (Z2)3. We introduce a coding system to represent different classes up to a topological equivalence, ...
  • Classification of wave regimes in excitable systems with linear cross diffusion 

    Tsyganov, M. A.; Biktashev, V. N. (American Physical Society, 2014)
    We consider principal properties of various wave regimes in two selected excitable systems with linear cross diffusion in one spatial dimension observed at different parameter values. This includes fixed-shape propagating ...
  • Climate impacts of geoengineering marine stratocumulus clouds 

    Jones, Andy; Haywood, James M.; Boucher, Olivier (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2009)
    [1] Theoretical potential geoengineering solutions to the global warming problem have recently been proposed. Here, we present an idealized study of the climate response to deliberately seeding large-scale stratocumulus ...
  • Climate impacts of the southern annular mode simulated by the CMIP3 models 

    Karpechko, Alexey Yu; Gillett, Nathan P.; Marshall, Gareth J.; Screen, James A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009)
    The southern annular mode (SAM) has a well-established impact on climate in the Southern Hemisphere. The strongest response in surface air temperature (SAT) is observed in the Antarctic, but the SAM’s area of influence ...
  • Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) 

    Kravitz, B; Caldeira, K; Boucher, O; Robock, A; Rasch, PJ; Alterskjær, K; Karam, DB; Cole, JNS; Curry, CL; Haywood, JM; Irvine, PJ; Ji, D; Jones, A; Kristjánsson, JE; Lunt, DJ; Moore, JC; Niemeier, U; Schmidt, H; Schulz, M; Singh, B; Tilmes, S; Watanabe, S; Yang, S; Yoon, JH (American Geophysical Union, 2013-08-09)
    Solar geoengineering - deliberate reduction in the amount of solar radiation retained by the Earth - has been proposed as a means of counteracting some of the climatic effects of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. We ...
  • Climate predictions: the influence of nonlinearity and randomness 

    Thompson, J.M.; Sieber, J. (Royal Society, 2012)
    The current threat of global warming and the public demand for confident projections of climate change pose the ultimate challenge to science: predicting the future behaviour of a system of such overwhelming complexity as ...
  • Climate simulations for 1880-2003 with GISS modelE 

    Hansen, J; Sato, M; Ruedy, R; Kharecha, P; Lacis, A; Miller, R; Nazarenko, L; Lo, K; Schmidt, GA; Russell, G; Aleinov, I; Bauer, S; Baum, E; Cairns, B; Canuto, V; Chandler, M; Cheng, Y; Cohen, A; Genio, AD; Faluvegi, G; Fleming, E; Friend, A; Hall, T; Jackman, C; Jonas, J; Kelley, M; Kiang, NY; Koch, D; Labow, G; Lerner, J; Menon, S; Novakov, T; Oinas, V; Perlwitz, J; Perlwitz, J; Rind, D; Romanou, A; Schmunk, R; Shindell, D; Stone, P; Sun, S; Streets, D; Tausnev, N; Thresher, D; Unger, N; Yao, M; Zhang, S (Springer Verlag (Germany), 2007)
    We carry out climate simulations for 1880-2003 with GISS modelE driven by ten measured or estimated climate forcings. An ensemble of climate model runs is carried out for each forcing acting individually and for all forcing ...
  • Climate tipping as a noisy bifurcation: a predictive technique 

    Thompson, J.M.; Sieber, J. (Oxford University Press for Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, 2011)
    It is often known, from modelling studies, that a certain mode of climate tipping (of the oceanic thermohaline circulation, for example) is governed by an underlying fold bifurcation. For such a case, we present a scheme ...
  • Climate-Ozone Connections 

    Baldwin, M; Dameris, M (World Meteorological Organization, 2006)
  • Climate–carbon cycle feedback analysis: results from the C4MIP model intercomparison 

    Friedlingstein, P; Cox, Peter M.; Betts, R. A.; Bopp, L.; Von Bloh, W.; Brovkin, Victor; Cadule, P.; Doney, S.; Eby, M.; Fung, I.; Bala, G.; John, J.; Jones, Chris D.; Joos, F.; Kato, T.; Kawamiya, M.; Knorr, W.; Lindsay, K.; Matthews, H. D.; Raddatz, T.; Rayner, P.; Reick, C.; Roeckner, E.; Schnitzler, K.-G.; Schnur, R.; Strassmann, K.; Weaver, A. J.; Yoshikawa, C.; Zeng, N. (American Meteorological Society, 2006)
    Eleven coupled climate-carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...